It is not possible to avoid it. We cannot deny it. Conditioning is intertwined in the state of existence. The Buddha and Buddhism teachings suggest that all existence is conditioned. The word (Dukkha) is used to describe this conditioned existence. It states that a conditioned existence is suffering. How can we experience balance or harmony in the present moment if each moment consists of dissatisfaction, suffering or pain (Dukkha)?
It is important to not be mislead or conditioned by the word Dukkha. The English translations of Buddha have defined Dukkha as dissatisfaction or suffering. However Buddhism teachings suggest that “Dukkha” is used to describe the state of existence as “temporary”; in other words “anything temporary is Dukkha”. This would also include happiness, joy etc. Therefore how do we go beyond this temporary state of existence to experience fulfillment or bliss? There is often references made to “being” in the present moment (now). This awareness of the isness to now is said to offer freedom from what Buddha called Dukkha.
Buddha taught that there are three main types of Dukkha:
– suffering or pain (dukkha-dukkha)
– Impermanence or change (viparinama-dukkha)
– conditioned states (samkhara-dukkha)
These three types of Dukkha are self-explanatory. We might even say, after reading the three above, that this describes our state of existence almost perfectly. The general agreement among human beings implies a pattern of repetitive suffering initiated by impermanence that establishes itself as a conditioned state of being.
Conditioned State of Being
We actually believe and base our state of being on these patterns and other similar thought process behavior. An awakened person experiences a shift in perspective related to such patterns. Does this necessarily mean that an awakened person to the isness of now is enlightened? This can be true, but this is not always true. Awakening to the present moment offers a key that can release the restrictions of any type of Dukkha that our existence seems to impose. I was recently asked if being aware of the present moment without regard to place or time suggests that our “state of being” is transferring.
Technically the term “transferring” cannot be used to explain the experience of awakening to the present moment. However it does suggest what happens during the awakening process. An awakened person will witness a shift in how he or she experiences each person, thing or situation. This acute awareness to the present moment will allow a process of transformation to begin and develop steadily. This does not mean that you will become something new or different. The process leading to enlightenment allows a person to remember a knowledge that we have been conditioned to forget. This reawakened state of presence to the unfolding of the one everlasting moment will involve you asking the question; “What do I really want?”.
The process of shifting consciousness in perceptual experiences is to become very aware of what you are actually experiencing. This “knowing” will become easier, clearer and unconditioned as the mind experiences more and more space. An unrestricted realm of “isness” results from becoming aware of the awareness within the present now. “Isness” is the state of things as they are. The key is not to identify with what you think and believe.
Best regards to everyone
P.S. Here is an interesting publication entitled: “The Three Basic Facts of Existence” by Piyadassi Thera, preface by Nyanaponika Thera. This may provide you with further insight into Dukkha and Buddhism teachings. http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/various/wheel186.html